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当前位置: 首页 > 研究生教育 > 硕士论文摘要 > 王桂娟:论《租借法案》对美苏关系的影响
 

王桂娟:论《租借法案》对美苏关系的影响

  摘 要

  本论文主要论述《租借法案》实施前后美苏关系的发展变化,意在阐明该法案对美苏关系产生的影响。作为反法西斯阵营的主要成员,美苏两国暂时放下意识形态分歧,以《租借法案》为纽带,结成军事同盟。通过该法案,美国为苏联提供了大量军事物资,对缓解苏联在战争初期面临的军事困境具有积极影响。战争后期,随着共同敌人的消失,美苏两国关系再次降温。战争胜利后,美国立即终止租借援助,苏联对美国等西方国家的不信任感上升,美苏之间脆弱的同盟关系宣告终结。

  ABSTRACT

  This paper mainly discusses the changes happened between the US-Soviet relations before and after the implementation of the Lend-Lease Act, with an intention to illustrate the impact on this sort of international relations by virtue of the Act. With the Act as their joint, the United States and Soviet Union, the main members of the Anti-Fascist Camp, temporarily set aside their ideological divergence and established military alliance. The vast amount of military materials, provided by the United States through the Lend-Lease Act, have played a positive role in relieving the adverse conditions faced by Soviet Union at the beginning of the war. The relations between the two countries, however, deteriorated as the war came to an end. Shortly after the triumph over Fascist forces, the U.S. abruptly terminated lend-lease supplies for Soviet, the distrust of America and other west countries increased in Soviet, and the weak alliance thus fell apart.