Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute was founded by the famous African-American educator，social activist Booker T. Washington in 1881. During the teaching practice, Principal Washington changed the school into an industrial school. It is mainly because of the adverse racial circumstance and the poverty among African-American people. In addition, Principal Washington’s life was changed by the industrial education. These are all the reasons that Washington changed the school into an industrial school.
The industrial education mode in Tuskegee has special educational contents and methods. Specifically, it includes industrial courses, academic courses, civilization and moral courses. This educational mode once caused controversies and met many challenges. They are the reasons that the principals after Washington made changes.
Tuskegee School with its special industrial education mode has great influences on American society. Firstly, it made industrial education a trend in the southern United States in the early 20th century. And it helped to perfect African-American’s education system in the south by training many African-American teachers. Secondly, it helped some African-American people to improve their economic conditions by training them. Lastly, it played a role in improving the relationship between white and black race.
KEY WORDS: Tuskegee School; Booker Washington; African-American Education; Industrial Education Mode